1.1 Git Introduction: What is Git?

Table of Contents

Git Definition

Git is a free and open-source version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.

Created by Linus Torvalds in 2005 for the development of the Linux kernel, it has since been used for many other projects.

Git Features

Git has several features that make it a popular choice for version control:

  • Free and open source
  • Distributed version control system
  • Fast and efficient
  • Supports non-linear development
  • Branching and merging
  • Easy to learn and use

Git Usage

Git is commonly used in Linux and Unix systems for version control of software projects. It can also be utilized for other types of files, such as documents, images, and videos.

In order to use Git, you must first install it on your system. Then, create a new repository for your project and begin tracking changes to your files.

$ git init
$ git add .
$ git commit -m "Initial commit"

Lastly, you can push your changes to a remote repository, such as GitHub or Bitbucket, for collaboration with other developers.


Git is an essential tool for version control in Linux and Unix systems. Its features and ease of use make it a popular choice for software development projects of all sizes.

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